Charlestown is located north of Boston proper on a peninsula extending southeastward between the Charles River and the Mystic River. On October 7, 1873, Charlestown became officially recognized as a district in the city of Boston. The majority of the housing stock is composed of colonial, red-brick, row-houses, similar to that of Beacon Hill and wooden clapboard homes similar to South Boston.
Charlestown contains several places of historical interest, many of which are marked by the northern end of Boston's Freedom Trail. The Freedom Trail ends at the Bunker Hill Monument commemorating the famous Battle of Bunker Hill. The USS Constitution, the oldest commissioned vessel in the US Navy, is docked in the Charlestown Navy Yard. Charlestown was also the location from which Paul Revere began his famous "midnight ride" before the Battles of Lexington and Concord. A local restaurant, opened in 1780 and still in operation, The Warren Tavern, claims to have been one of Revere's favorite taverns.
In the late 1980s, Charlestown underwent a massive gentrification process. Drawn to its proximity to downtown and its colonial, red-brick, row-house housing stock, similar to that of Beacon Hill, many upper-middle class professionals moved to the neighborhood. Today the neighborhood is a mix of upper-middle and middle-class residences, housing projects, and a large working class Irish-American demographic and culture that is still predominant.
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